Adirondack: Of Indians and Mountains, 1535-1838 - Purple Mountain Press


ADIRONDACK
OF INDIANS AND MOUNTAINS, 1535-1838

by Stephen B. Sulavik

INDEX A-M

Back to ADIRONDACK: OF INDIANS AND MOUNTAINS, 1535-1838

A
Abenaki, 32, 42, 81, 120–121
Abenaki Indian Legends, Grammar and Place Names, 42
Abenaki/Mallisseet-Passomoquody, 118–119
Aboriginal Occupation of New York, 76f–77f, 78
Achkoks, 96
Achkokx, 14, 16, 36, 39, 225t
Aderondackx, 39, 62, 225t
Adirondack

  • definition of, 13–14, 95, 225t
  • etymology of, 13–14, 53, 95, 96
  • first appearance of, 36
  • legend about, 42
  • spellings of, 109, 168, 225t
    Adirondack group, 17, 93, 95, 109
    Adirondack Indians, 36–50, 225t. See also Iroquois; Kichesipirini; Onontchateronons; Ouescharini; specific band, e.g., Algonquins
    Algonquian ancestors of, 96
    Algonquians as, 96
    Algonquins as, 17, 38, 95
  • definition of, 96, 97
  • dress and equipment of, 12f, 13
  • European contact with, 50
  • History of the Five Indian Nations and, 95
  • Hurons as, 36
  • Kichesipirini as, 38, 50, 96
  • lower Ottawa River valley Algonquins as, 39–41, 96
  • maps documenting, 41, 41–42, 43, 134–136, 140–141, 142–143, 148–149,156–157, 162–163,166–167, 168–169
  • Mohawks and, 16, 36, 38–40
  • Montagnais as, 36, 38, 40, 51, 96
    Onontchateronons as, 38, 96
    Ouescharini as, 96
  • territory of, 52
  • Adirondack Mountains, 68–109
  • Couchsachraga and, 78–82
  • European sightings of, 83–84
  • European travels through, 84–92, 85f, 86f
  • geology of, 68–70, 97
  • Indian routes through, 100–101
  • Iroquois territory in, 77–78
  • Landsat satellite photograph of, 70, 174–175
  • maps of, 18f–19f, 80f, 82–83, 86f, 160–161, 170–171
  • naming of, 17, 71, 71–72, 75–76, 82–83, 95, 97, 227t
  • as “parts but little known,” 82–83, 160–161
  • peaks of, 93
  • Province of Laconia and, 72–75
  • as tribal territory, 52
  • uplift of, 70, 70f
  • vs. Appalachian Mountains, 18f–19f
    Adirondax, 39, 225t
    Aganuschion(i), 108
    Aganuschion Range, 227t
    Aganushioni, 109
    “A General Map of the Middle British Colonies in America,” 158–159
    Agnié, 64, 136-137, 156–157
    Agnieronon, 64, 134–136
    Albany. See Fort Orange; Orange
    Albany Road, 90
    Albany Trail, 91
    Albertina drawing, 140
    Algomkins, 17, 41
  • maps documenting, 41f, 156–157
    Algommequins, 128–129
    Algomquins, 134–136, 225t
    Algonkians, 32
    Algonkins, 32, 40, 225t
  • dress and equipment of, 53f
  • locations of, 18f–19f
    Algonquians, 32
  • as Adirondack Indians, 96
  • Basque contact with, 25
  • Mohawk warfare with, 61
  • territory of, 27, 32
    Algonquin, Mount, 82
    Algonquins, 28f, 32–36
  • as Adirondack Indians, 17, 38, 95 See also Adirondack Indians
  • dress and equipment of, 12f, 13
  • etymology of, 32–33, 225t
  • European contact with, 34–35
  • history of, 33–36
  • Iroquois boundary with, 82
  • lower Ottawa River valley
  • as Adirondack Indians, 36–41, 96
  • allied with Champlain, 29
  • bands of, 33–34
  • Champlain’s descriptions (1613) of, 178–189, 179f
  • customs of, 178–189
  • European contact with, 43, 45, 50, 96–97
  • homelands of, 20f–21f, 33f
  • Iroquois hostilities against, 26f, 27, 29–30, 36, 51–52, 56, 61
  • maps documenting, 16, 33f, 41–42, 41–44, 45, 64, 122–123, 124–125,142–143, 156–157
  • military alliance with, 35–36, 37f
  • Mohawks and, 28f, 29, 36, 38–40
  • names of, 16, 226t
  • Recollect contact with, 62–63
  • suffixes used by, 45–46
  • trade with, 15, 38, 56
  • warfare arrangements of, 54
  • water routes to, 36
  • maps documenting, 152–153, 168–169
  • missionary protection of, 61–62
  • Mohawk attacks against, 26f
    at Oka, 14
  • Sagard’s descriptions of, 190–201
  • at Saint Lawrence River, 23
  • upper, 33–34
    Algonquins de L’Isle, 142–143, 226t. See also Kichesipirini (Algonquins of the Island, Allumettes)
    Algonquins of the Island. See Kichesipirini (Algonquins of the Island, Allumettes)
    Algoumequins, 32, 35, 40, 96, 118, 124–125
    Allard, Hugo, 35, 76
  • “New and Exact Map of all New Netherland,” 148–149
    Allegheny Mountains, 60
    Allumette Island, 124–125, 179f
    Allumette Lake, 46
    Allumettes. See Kichesipirini (Algonquins of the Island, Allumettes)
  • “A Map of New England and New York,” 146–147
  • “A Map of the Middle British Colonies in North America,” 41–42, 43, 164–165
    Ameda, 177
    “Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Des Descriptio,” 116–117
    “Americae Sive Quartae Orbis Partis Nova Et Exactissima,” 71, 112–113
    America Painted to the Life, 73–74, 73f
    “America Septentrionalis, Amsterdam,” 132–133
    Andagaron, 67
    Anniene, 64
    annienerouonon, 64
    Antouhonoron, 61f
    Appalachian Mountains, 70, 98
  • vs. Adirondack Mountains, 18f–19f
    Arendahronons, 50, 53–54, 61f
  • Iroquois hostilities with, 51
  • military alliance with, 35–36, 37f
  • in Mohawk defeat, 28f
    Argall, Samuel, 120
    Arhendarenonons
  • Iroquois warfare against, 27
    Armouchiquois, 120–121, 122–123
    Arundacs, 40–41, 225t
    Arundax, 109, 225t
    Astoria, 217–222
    Aticq, Mahigan, 29
    atirú:taks, 13, 95, 96, 225t
    Atontrataronon, 64, 226t
    “at the place of beaver dams,” 78, 97
    Ava, 72
    Avacal, 15, 71, 71–72, 83, 95, 97, 112–113, 116–117
    Avacum, 71, 97

    B
    Baie Mississquoi, 138–139
    bark
    nutritional valve of, 51

  • for pain, 66
    Basques, 25, 66
    Bazin River, 65
    Beauchamp, William M., 108
  • Aboriginal Occupation of New York, 76f–77f, 78
    Couchsachraga and, 79
  • beaver
    Hurons and, 200–201
  • “Beaver Map,” 66, 150–151
    beaver trade, 59, 96. See also fur trade
    beaver wars, 31, 59
    Bessouat, 46, 50
  • “big river people,” 46
    Black Mountains, 108, 227t
    Black River, 90, 92
    Blaeu, Willem, 35, 76
  • “Nova Belgica et Anglia Nova,” 130–131
    Blessed Sacrament, Lake of the, 16, 17, 35, 88. See also George, Lake
    Block, Adriaen, 35, 74, 130
  • “Kaart van Nieuw-Nederland,” 126–127
    Block Island, 126–127
    Blue Mountains, 227t
    Boisseau, Jean, 76
    Boston Bay, 98
    Bourdon, Jean, 63, 120, 128, 142, 144

  • Adirondack travels of, 87–88
  • “Chemin des Iroquois,” 46, 87–88, 134, 136-137
  • “Les Terres á l’ouest et au ud de Montréal,” 138–139
  • “Nouvelle France,” 16, 44, 45, 63–64, 128, 134–136
    Bourdon map, 134
    Brébeuf, Father Jean de, 50, 97
    Bressani, Father, 104
    Briefe Description of Laconia, a Province in New-England, 73, 73f, 75
    British colonies. See also English
  • maps of, 41–42, 42, 43, 65, 158–159, 164–165, 168–169
    Brodhead, J. Romeyn, 95, 126
  • “Map of Lake Champlain, with the Rivers from Fort Chambly in New France,
  • to Orange in New England, prepared according to divers Memoirs,” 81, 154–155
    Brown, John, 227t
    Browne, George Waldo, 76, 99–100
    Brown’s Mountains, 227t
    Brulé, Etienne, 50
    Bry, Johann Theodore de, 130–131

    C
    C. des algommequins, 16
    Cabot, John, 65
    Calash, 212f
    California, 132–133
    Campbell, Archibald, 82
    Canada, 55, 132–133

  • routes to, 100
  • Saint Regis reservations in, 31f
    Canada Indians, 225t
  • hunting agreements with, 79, 81
  • Mohawk hostilities against, 36
    Canagere, 67, 140–141
    Caneghsadarundax, 225t
    Caniaderi-Guarunte, 76
    canoes
  • lower Ottawa River valley Algonquin, 195–196, 195f
  • voyageurs and, 217, 219f, 221–220
    Canoes in a Fog, Lake Superior, 219f
    Canowarode, 140–141
    Carleill, Captain Christopher, 56
    Carson, Russell M. L., 103
  • “Carte De La Nouvelle France,” 152–153
  • “Carte de la nouvelle france,” 128–129
  • “Carte Des Etats-Unis D’Amérique et Du Cours Du Mississipi,” 41, 50, 166–167
  • “Carte Geographique De La Nouvelle Franse,” 16, 35, 74, 76, 122–123
  • “Carte geographique de la Nouvelle franse en son vray mondia,” 16, 48, 50, 74, 76, 124–125
    Cartier, Jacques, 15, 15f, 34
    Adirondack Mountain sightings by, 83
    Avacal and, 71–72
  • Hochelaga and, 54, 55
  • Iroquoian contact with, 21, 22f–23f, 23, 53, 54
  • kidnappings by, 25, 56
  • medical contributions of, 66–67
    Navigations to Newe Fraunce, 177–178, 179f
  • Saint Lawrence voyages of, 21, 22f–23f, 23
    Carver, Jonathan, 79
  • “The Province of Quebec,” 41, 50, 162–163
  • Travels Through the Interior Parts of North America in the Years 1766, 1767, and 1768, 75
    Castillon, Father André, 46, 135
    Cataraqui—Rideau River axis, 48, 49f, 86f
    Cayugas, 21f, 26f, 27, 134–136, 156–157 Ceux de L’Isle, 63, 226t
    Chambly Falls, 49f
    Champlain, Lake
  • Brodhead map of, 154–155
  • geological observations from, 206–209
    Iroquois defeat at, 28f
    Iroquois mention of, 73
  • location of, 99
  • maps of, 35, 73, 74, 120–133, 122–123, 124–125, 126–127, 128–129, 130–131, 132–133, 140–141, 146–147, 152–153
  • Mohawk routes to, 144–145
  • names for, 16, 73, 76
  • Richelieu River route and, 89, 100–101, 136-137, 144–145, 210–211
  • travel routes and, 17, 35, 49f, 84, 86f, 138–139, 87, 148–149
    Champlain, Samuel de, 34f
  • Adirondack Mountains and, 83–84
  • Algonquin contact with, 34–35, 50
  • Algoumequins and, 40, 96
  • astrolabe of, 183f
  • “Carte de la nouvelle france,” 128–129
  • “Carte Geographique De La Nouvelle Franse,” 16, 35, 74, 76, 122–123
  • “Carte geographique de la Nouvelle franse en son vray mondia,” 16, 48, 50, 74, 76, 124–125
  • coastal explorations of, 98
  • Des Sauvages, 35
  • fourth voyage of, 178–189
  • geographic discoveries of, 35–36
  • Indian groups of, 29
  • Iroquoian peace and, 27, 29
  • in Iroquois—Algonquian/Huron conflict, 35–36, 37f
  • Iroquois warfare with, 27, 28f, 29, 61, 61f, 193f
  • Kichesipirini contact with, 15, 46–47
  • Lescarbot and, 55
  • lower Ottawa River valley Algonquin customs described by, 178–189
  • maps of, 118
  • military alliance of, 35–36, 37f, 50
  • Mohawk contact with, 15–16
  • Mohawk defeat and, 50
  • Ouescharini contact with, 48, 50
  • at Saint Lawrence River, 23
  • “Taunton map” and, 134
  • Voyages (1613), 122, 124, 178–189
    Voyages (1619), 189–190, 189f
  • Voyages (1632), 128
    Charioquet, 16, 124–125, 140–141
    Charles I, King of England, 16
    Charles River, 74, 98
    Chatelain, Henri-Abraham, 35
    “Carte De La Nouvelle France,” 152–153
    Chauvin de Tonnetuit, Pierre, 27
    “Chemin des Iroquois,” 46, 87–88, 134, 136-137
    Chemin pour on Les Montaignetz vont quelquefois en guerre, 136-137
    Cheney, John, 93
    Chokande, 142–143
    Chonchradeen, 142–143, 226t
    Choneande, 34, 134–136, 226t
    Chonkande, 64
    Chorographical Map of the Northern part of the Province of New York, 78
    Clement XII, Pope, 32
    Clinton, DeWitt, 227t
    Clinton Range, 227t
    Cloven Rock, 81. See also Split Rock
    Cock, Hieronymus
  • “Americae Sive Quartae Orbis Partis Nova Et Exactissima Descriptio,” 71, 112–113
    cod fisheries, 25, 51, 56–57, 65–66, 66f, 96, 150–151
    Colden, Cadwallader
  • History of the Five Nations, 17, 40, 41, 59–60, 62, 64, 95, 102–103, 106
    Cold River, 82
    colonists
  • topographical knowledge of, 99
    colonization, 59
    Colvin, Verplanck, 103
    “Great Land Patents,” 80, 172–173
  • Iroquois-Algonquin boundary and, 82
    Cooper, James Fenimore, 58–59
    Corlear’s Mountains, 227t
    Couchsachraga, 78–82, 95, 97, 103
    Couchsachrage, 158–159
    Council for New England, 98
    coureurs de bois, 89, 217, 218–220
    Cousture, Guillaume
  • Iroquois capture of, 84–87
    Cowogouen, 156–157
    Cramoisy, Sébastien, 30, 201
    Creuxius, Franciscus
  • New France map of, 46
    Crossfield, Stephen, 82
    Crown Point, 29, 50, 206
    Cuyugas, 100

    D
    D’Anville, Sieur
    “North America,” 17, 41, 41, 156–157
    Dawson site, 55
    deer hunting, 189–190, 189f
    De Groote Rivière van nieu Netherlandt, 126–127
    De Laet, Johannes
    Adirondack Mountain sightings by, 84
    De L’Isle, Claude
    map of, 46, 48, 64
    De L’Isle, Guillaume
    map of, 46, 48, 64
    Delius, John H., 102
    Delle navigationi et viaggi (1556), 24f–25f, 54
    Desrosiers, Léo-Paul, 59
    Des Sauvages, 35
    Dolbeau, Recollect Brother Jean, 63
    Dom Agaya, 56
    Donnacona, 21, 23, 25, 55, 56
    Du Gas Passage, 98
    Du Plessis, Recollect Brother Pacifique, 63
    Dutch
    Adirondack and, 39–40

    E
    “eaters of trees.” See also “tree eaters”
    Algonquins as, 16, 40
    atirú:taks as, 96
    definition of, 13
    Hurons as, 36
    Montagnais as, 16, 40
    Orankokx and Achkokx as, 16
    Rontaks as, 17, 39
    Eddy, John H., 83
    edible plants, 122–123
    Ehonkeronon, 46–47, 63–64, 134–136, 142–143, 226t
    Ehonqueronon, 142–143, 226t
    elaego’-mogwik, 33
    Eleuation des Cabannes Sauvages, 57f
    Emmons, Ebenezer, 222f
    Adirondack Mountains naming by, 17, 41, 92, 97, 109
    geological survey of, 92–96, 222–223
    Emmons, Ebenezer (son), 92
    English, 66
    Adirondack and, 40–42
    Indian allies of, 60
    Mohawks and, 31
    Entouhonoron, 61f
    Erie, Lake, 138–139
    Eries, 21f, 30
    Etchemin, 32-33
    Etchemins, 120–121
    Evans, Lewis, 164
    “A General Map of the Middle British Colonies in America,” 41, 42, 158–159
    exploration, 59

    F
    Faden, William “The United States of North America with the British Territories and those of Spain,” 41, 65, 168–169
    famine, 51
    fauna, 122–123, 130–131, 132–133
    Fer, Nicolas de, 66f
    “Beaver Map,” 150–151
    “Figure de la Terre Neuve, Grand Rivière de Canada, et Cotes de L’Ocean en la Nouvelle France,” 23, 55, 76, 118–119
    fire
    kindling of, 43, 191–192, 191f
    fisheries, 65–66, 66f, 96. See also cod fisheries
    in first contact, 51, 56–57
    Five Nations, 16, 17, 27, 31, 55, 57–58, 134–136, 144–145
    territorial boundaries of, 20f–21f, 76, 76f–77f, 78
    Florio, John, 83, 177
    foot trails, 107–108
    Fort Anne, 154–155
    Fort Chambly, 154–155
    Fort Orange, 39, 62, 130–131, 132–133, 138–139
    Fort Saint Frederic, 206
    Franchetot, Maturin, 89
    French, 66
    Adirondack and, 40
    first contact with, 50
    Indian groups loyal to, 19, 29, 30, 31, 39, 60
    Iroquois war with, 30
    Mohawk raids by, 203–205
    settlements of, 160–161
    suffixes used by, 45–46
    French and Indian War, 31, 60, 160–161
    French Indians, 29, 30, 39, 225t
    Frontenac, Count de, 100
    Frontenac Arch, 68f, 70
    fur trade
    Algonquins in, 32, 38
    beaver wars and, 31
    in colonization, 59, 96
    competition for, 72, 187
    coureurs des bois in, 217–220
    Iroquois hostilities in, 26f, 27, 51
    Irving’s descriptions of, 217–220
    Montagnais and, 32
    water routes for, 32

    G
    Ganienkeh, 56
    Gaspé Peninsula, 23
    Gatineau River, 49f, 65
    Gavit, John E., 79
    Chorographical Map of the Northern part of the Province of New York, 78
    “General Map of the Middle British Colonies in America, A,” 158–159
    Genesee River, 27
    geology
    of Adirondack Mountains, 68–70
    from western Lake Champlain, 206–209
    George, Lake, 120–121, 138–139
    naming of, 16, 17, 88–89
    travel routes and, 17, 35, 84, 87–88, 136-137, 138–139, 154–155
    Velasco map and, 35
    George II, King of England, 17, 88–89
    Georgian Bay, 32
    Godefroy, Thomas, 65, 120, 134
    Gorges, Esq., Ferdinando
    America Painted to the Life, 73–74, 73f
    Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, 16
    Briefe Description of Laconia, a Province in New-England, 73, 73f, 75
    Province of Laconia and, 72, 97, 98, 99
    Goupil, Rene, 84–85
    Grandes Allumettes, 162–163
    Grand Lac, 128
    Grasse River, 100
    Great Lakes, 142
    “Great Land Patents,” 80, 172–173
    Green Lake, 179f
    Grenville Orogeny, 69
    Grenville Province, 68f–69f, 69–70
    Grenville rocks, 68f–69f
    Gulf of Saint Lawrence, 22f–23f, 51, 56
    Gutiérrez, Diego, 15
    “Americae Sive Quartae Orbis Partis Nova Et Exactissima Descriptio,” 71,112–113

    H
    Hainaut, 71
    Hakluyt, Richard, 23, 83, 177
    Hall, James, 92
    Havacum, 71
    Hébert, John R., 112–113
    Heidenreich, Conrad E.
    on native names, 45, 64
    on “Taunton map,” 134, 136
    Henderson, David, 92–93, 94f–95f
    Hennegau, 71
    Hennepin, Louis, 76
    Hewitt, J. N. B., 23, 53
    High Peak of Essex, 92, 101
    ascents of, 17, 92–95
    High Peak of Essex, 170–171
    Hilokoa, 25
    Himalaya, 69
    Hirocois, 35
    History of the Five Nations Depending on the Province of New York in America, The, 17, 40, 41, 59–60, 62, 64, 95, 102–103, 106
    Hochelaga, 54
    Cartier at, 22f–23f
    Champlain at, 34
    Iroquoian sites at, 21, 24f–25f
    Ramusio’s woodcut of, 24f–25f, 54–55
    Hochschild, Harold, 90
    Ho-dé-no-sau-nee, 27
    Hoffman, Charles Fenno
    Adirondack descriptions of, 17, 92, 93, 95, 108, 227t
    Holt, Harvey, 93
    Honqueronon, 226t
    Hopkins, Edward Martin, 219f
    Hopkins, Frances Ann, 219f
    hostilities
    by Iroquois, 26f, 27, 29–30, 36, 51–52, 56, 61, 61f, 96
    Hudson, Henry, 16, 29
    Hudson Bay, 124–125
    Hudson River, 29, 35, 120–121
    source of, 84
    travel routes for, 84, 136-137, 138–139, 144–145
    Hudson River—Woods Creek—Lake Champlain—Richelieu River route, 86f
    Hunt, George T., 59
    hunting
    Canada Indian agreements over, 79, 81
    of deer, 189–190, 189f
    Huron-Iroquois, 189–190, 189f
    Iroquois grounds for, 79, 81, 101–102
    by lower Ottawa River valley Algonquins, 195–196, 195f
    Mohawk grounds for, 31, 85, 86f, 87, 101–102
    Huron, Lake, 128–129, 138–139
    Georgian Bay of, 32
    travel routes and, 49f
    Huronia, 47
    Huron-Iroquoins
    dress and equipment of, 12f, 13
    Huron-Iroquois
    deer hunting methods of, 189–190, 189f
    Hurons, 21f, 28f, 34
    alliances with, 29, 35–36, 37f, 61
    descriptions of, 43
    dress and equipment of, 12f, 13, 53f
    European contact with, 50, 96–97
    Iroquoians and, 23
    Iroquois hostilities against, 26f, 27, 29–30, 36
    Kichesipirini and, 47
    medicine of, 197–200
    as original Adirondacks, 36
    Recollect contact with, 62
    Sagard’s descriptions of, 190–201, 191f
    in Saint Lawrence Iroquoian dispersal, 15
    suffixes used by, 45–46
    warfare arrangements of, 54

    I
    igneous rock, 69
    Ile dis Allumettes, 63
    Indian
    etymology of, 54
    Indians of Canada. See Canada Indians
    Ingham, C. C., 93
    Insula California, 132–133
    interpreters, 50
    Irocois, 35
    Iroquets. See Onontchateronons
    Iroquoians
    ancestor groups of, 96
    confederacy of, 27
    conflicts by, 23
    dispersal of, 15, 23, 25, 27
    early history of, 19–25
    European contact with, 21
    at Hochelaga, 21, 24f–25f
    hostilities of, 56
    language subdivisions of, 19, 21
    northern sites of, 19, 21f
    region inhabited by, 19
    Saint Lawrence River, 15, 21, 21f, 23, 25, 34, 53, 177–178
    at Stadacona (Quebec), 21, 23
    Iroquois, 25–32, 118–119, 144–145. See also Cayugas; Mohawks; Oneidas: Onondagas; Senecas
    Algonquin boundary with, 82
    beaver wars and, 59
    at Couchsachraga, 78–82
    defeat of, 28f, 32, 59–60
    maps and, 82–83
    dress and equipment of, 53f
    etymology of, 23, 25
    European contact with, 29, 76
    Father Jogues capture by, 84–89, 86f
    Five Nations of. See Five Nations
    forts of, 37f, 193f
    in French and Indian War, 60
    history of, 27–32
    hostilities of, 26f, 27, 29–30, 36, 51–52, 56, 61, 61f, 96
    hunting grounds of, 79, 81, 101–102
    Iroquoians and, 23
    Lake Champlain sites of, 104
    Le Mercier’s travels among, 201–203
    long houses of, 57–58, 57f, 58f
    maps documenting, 18–19, 46, 76, 76f–77f, 78, 95, 156–157, 160–161
    military alliance against, 35–36, 37f
    Mohawk River valley, 23
    northern boundaries of, 79, 81
    peace effort of, 27, 29
    Revolutionary War loyalties of, 103
    Saint Lawrence River, 72
    Six Nations of, 27, 58
    territory of, 17, 27, 29, 31, 32, 52, 96, 104
    travel routes of, 100, 101, 144–145
    warfare arrangements of, 54
    wars of 1600s, 31
    water routes avoiding, 49f, 50
    Iroquois, Mount, 82
    Irving, Washington, 91–92, 218f
    Astoria, 217–222

    J
    J. C. B.
    Travels in New France, 210–211, 210f
    James I, King of England, 74–75
    Jamet, Recollect Brother Denis, 63
    Jamieson, Paul, 90–91
    Jansson, Johannes, 35, 76
    “America Septentrionalis, Amsterdam,” 132–133
    Janssonius, Joannes, 146
    Janszoon van Wassenaer, Nicolaes
    Adirondack names and, 14, 16, 39, 54, 96
    Jarvis, John Wesley, 218f
    Jenness, John Scribner, 99
    Jessup, Ebenezer (Eben), 82
    Jessup, Edward, 82
    Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, 18f–21f, 30, 62, 201
    Jesuits
    Iroquois accounts by, 30
    Jogues, Father Isaac, 67, 85f, 120, 138
    Adirondack routes of, 16, 63, 67, 84–85, 86f, 87–89
    “Chemin des Iroquois,” 46, 87–88, 134, 136-137
    Iroquois capture of, 84–87, 104, 106–107
    Johnson, Sir William, 17
    Iroquois boundaries and, 79, 81
    Lake George naming by, 88–89
    names and, 40

    K
    “Kaart van Nieuw-Nederland,” 126–127
    Kalm, Peter, 91
    Travels into North America, 206–209
    Kanhkaronde, 76
    Kanyatare, 76
    Kanye kehá ka, 56, 64
    Kanyenke, 56
    Kanyenkehaka, 56
    Kebec, 120–121
    Keinouche, 33f, 226t
    Khionontatetonon, 48, 63, 134–136, 142–143, 226t
    Kichesipirini (Algonquins of the Island, Allumettes)
    as Adirondack Indians, 38, 96
    European contact with, 15, 50
    history of, 43, 46–47
    homelands of, 33–34, 33f
    Iroquois hostilities with, 36, 40–41, 51
    maps documenting, 134–136, 142–143, 162–163, 179f
    names for, 63–64, 225t, 226t
    Sagard among, 191
    Kichesipiriniwek, 226t
    “killer people,” 25
    King William’s War, 60
    Kinouchepirini (Kinounchepirini), 13-13-14f, 34, 226t
    Kleyntjen, 29
    Kotakoutouemi, 33f, 34, 50, 226t

    L
    Lac Champlain, 144–145
    Lac Champlain ou Yroquois, 76
    Lac De Champlain, 73
    Lac des Deux Montagnes, 14, 52
    Lac des Yrocois, 73
    Lac des Yroquois, 76
    Lac du S. Sacrement, 16, 17, 35, 88, 154–155. See also George, Lake Lac du Sacrement, 144–145
    Lac Frontenac, 152–153
    Lac Illinois, 152–153
    Laconia Associates, 74
    Laconia Company, 72, 98, 126
    Laconia Grant, 72–73
    Laconia Patent, 72, 98
    Lac Saint Peters, 138–139
    Lac St. Louis, 128–129
    Lac St. Sacremen, 138–139
    Lac Superieur, 142
    Lacus Irocoisiensis, 76, 130–131
    Lafitau, Father Joseph François in Adirondack etymology, 13, 17, 96
    Moeurs Des Sauvages Ameriquains Comparées Aux Moeurs des Premier Temps, 38f, 39, 39f, 53f, 105f, 191f, 193f
    Lake George—Lake Champlain—Richelieu River route, 86f
    Lake of the Blessed Sacrament, 16, 17, 35, 88. See also George, Lake Lake of the Iroquois, 73
    Lake of Two Mountains, 14, 52
    Lalemant, Father Charles, 97, 106–107
    Lalemant, Father Jerome, 48
    Adirondack travels and, 85, 87, 88
    Landsat satellite photograph of Adirondack Mountains, 70, 174–175
    “La Nuova Francia,” 114–115
    La Terra de Hochelaga nella Nova Francia, 24f–25f, 54–55
    league(s), 98
    League of the Iroquois, 78
    “Le Canada ou Nouvelle France,” 46, 47, 63–64, 142–143
    Le Caron, Recollect Brother Joseph, 63
    Le Jeune, Father Paul, 37f
    cod fisheries and, 66
    lower Ottawa River valleys Algonquins and, 16, 33f, 36, 43, 186
    as map source, 46
    nutritional value of trees and, 51
    snowshoes (raquettes) and, 205–206
    Le Mercier, Father François, 90
    Iroquois travels of, 201–203
    Oswegatchie River map of, 17
    “Plans des forts faicts par le Regiment Carignan falieres sur la Rivière de Richelieu dicte autrement des Iroquois en la Nouvelle france,” 27, 46, 144–145, 202, 210
    LeMoine, Father Simon, 97
    Adirondack Mountains and, 17, 84
    Mountains of Saint Margaret and, 75–76
    Lescarbot, Marc, 55
    “Figure De La Terre Neuve, Grand Rivière De Canada, Et Cotes De L’Ocean En La Nouvelle France,” 23, 55, 76, 118–119
    “Les Terres á l’ouest et au sud de Montréal,” 138–139
    Lièvre River, 48, 49f
    Little Nation of Algonkins, 17
    Little Nation of Algonquins, 65, 162–163, 168–169
    Lloyd, Herbert M., 107–108
    long houses
    Iroquoian, 57–58, 57f, 58f, 194
    Long Journey to the Country of the Hurons, The, 29–30, 47, 54, 63, 186, 190–201, 191f, 205
    Lossing, Benson, 227t

    M
    Madawaska River, 50
    Mahicans, 26f, 30f, 67
    Mahigan Aticq, 29
    Maine, 99
    Maliseet, 33
    Maliseets, 23, 32, 120–121
    “man-eaters,” 56
    Manhates, 126–127
    Manhattan Island, 126–127
    map(s), 111–175. See also specific map title or author
    of Adirondack Mountains, 18f–19f, 80f, 82–83, 86f, 160–161, 170–171
    Couchsachraga on, 78–82
    of Iroquois boundaries, 76–78
    name changes on, 95–96
    of North America, 16, 35, 41, 41–42, 43, 65, 120–121, 132–133, 156–157, 160–161, 164–165, 168–169
    “parts but little known” on, 82–83, 160–161
    of United States, 41, 65, 168–169
    “Map of Lake Champlain, with the Rivers from Fort Chambly in New France, to Orange in New England, prepared according to divers Memoirs,” 81, 154–155
    “Map of New England and New York, A,” 146–147
    “Map of New France,” 18f–21f, 19
    “Map of the east coast of North America,” 16, 35, 120–121
    “Map of the Middle British Colonies in North America, A,” 41–42, 43, 164–165 Maquas, 29, 62
    Marcy, Mount, 94f–95f, 108
    ascent of, 92–95
    naming of, 17, 92, 93
    Marcy, William Learned, 17, 92
    Marguerie de la Haye, François, 65, 120, 134
    marine life, 122–123
    Mason, John
    Laconia and, 16, 72, 97, 98, 99
    Massé, Father, 97
    Masta, Henry Lorne
    Abenaki Indian Legends, Grammar and Place Names, 42
    Matouachkarini, 13-14f, 34, 50, 226t
    Matououescarini (Matou-ouescariny), 16, 50, 124–125, 140–141, 226t
    Matouowesarini, 140–141
    Matouweskarini, 13-14f, 226t
    Mattawa River, 49f
    McComb’s Mountains, 227t
    McIntyre, Archibald, 108
    McIntyre Range, 82
    medicine
    Cartier’s contributions to, 66–67
    of Hurons, 197–200
    for scurvy, 177–178
    Meer Vand Irocoisen, 126–127
    Megapolensis, Jr., Johannes, 85
    Meramack R, 146–147
    Mer Des Iroquois, 152–153
    Mer Douce, 128–129
    metamorphic rock, 69
    Meyndertsz van den Bogaert, Harmen, 29, 39, 62, 67, 140
    Michigan, Lake, 138–139
    Michtan, 51–52
    Micmacs, 23, 32
    Miller, John, 108
    Minquas, 29
    missionaries
    protection by, 61–62
    Missisquoi Bay, 49f, 100
    Mitchell, John, 60
    Moeurs Des Sauvages Ameriquains Comparées Aux Moeurs des Premier Temps, 38f, 39, 39f, 53f, 105f, 191f, 193f
    Mohawk River, 17, 32, 154–155
    travel routes for, 49f, 136-137, 138–139
    Mohawks
    Adirondack and, 13, 14, 15, 16, 40, 96
    Algonquin hostilities with, 16, 51–52, 61
    conflicts of, 15, 16, 23, 26f, 36
    defeat of, 16, 28f, 29, 50
    economic changes affecting, 60
    etymology of, 56
    European contact with, 15–16
    fortified villages (castles) of, 55–56, 67, 140–141
    French and Indian War and, 31–32, 60
    French raids on, 203–205
    hunting grounds of, 31, 85, 86f, 87, 101–102
    Lake Champlain and, 76, 144–145
    maps documenting, 21f, 134–136, 156–157
    military alliance against, 35–36, 37f
    northern boundaries of, 172–173
    original Adirondacks and, 36, 38
    reservations of, 31f, 32
    in Saint Lawrence Iroquoian dispersal, 15
    territory of, 23, 27, 29, 31, 32, 35, 52, 67, 77–78, 96, 103
    torture by, 85, 104–106, 105f
    as Toudamani, 23
    travel routes of, 17, 35, 87, 89, 100–101, 138–139, 144–145
    villages of, 146–147, 148–149
    Mohegan Mountains, 227t
    Mohegans
    vs. Mohicans, 58–59
    Mohicans
    European contact with, 29
    vs. Mohegans (Morhingans), 58–59
    Mohowawogs, 56
    Moll, Herman, 66f, 150
    Montagnais, 32
    allied with Champlain, 29
    fur trade and, 32
    hostilities of, 56
    Iroquois hostilities against, 26f, 27, 28f, 29–30, 36, 51, 61
    maps documenting, 118–119, 122–123
    military alliance with, 35–36, 37f
    missionary protection of, 61–62
    names given to, 16
    as original Adirondacks, 36, 38, 40, 51, 96
    Recollect contact with, 62
    at Saint Lawrence River, 23
    territory of, 27, 34
    trade with, 15
    travel routes of, 136-137
    Montmagny, Governor, 63, 134, 138
    Montreal, 122–123, 138–139. See also Hochelaga
    Morgan, Lewis Henry, 57–58, 95, 107
    League of the Iroquois, 78
    Morhingans
    vs. Mohicans, 58–59
    Morrison Island, 46–47, 50, 63, 179f
    mountains. See also Adirondack Mountains
    northern New York
    names of, 227t
    Mountains of Saint Margaret, 17, 75–76, 84, 97, 226t
    Mountains of Saint Marthe, 227t
    Mulkearn, Lois, 101


    Go to the next page INDEX N-Z.

    240 pages, hardcover, 12" x 9", 31 full-color, full-page maps from European, Canadian, and American archives, many never reproduced before, 55 illustrations, bibliography, index, $39.00--A Purple Mountain Press original


    Back to ADIRONDACK: OF INDIANS AND MOUNTAINS, 1535-1838

    Copyright © 2005 Purple Mountain Press. All rights reserved.