Adirondack: Of Indians and Mountains, 1535-1838 - Purple Mountain Press


ADIRONDACK
OF INDIANS AND MOUNTAINS, 1535-1838

by Stephen J. Sulavik

INDEX N-Z - IN PROGRESS

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N
Nation Des Iroquois, 152–153
Nation d’Iroquet, 47, 64, 226t
Navigations to Newe Fraunce, 177–178
Neale, Captain Walter, 99
Nebicerini, 186, 187
Neutrals, 21f, 30
New Amsterdam, 39, 140–141, 148–149
“New and Accurate Map of the Present War in North America,” 160–161
“New and Exact Map of all Netherland,” 148–149
New England, 75, 114–115, 152–153
Newfoundland, 99, 114–115
cod fisheries of, 25, 51, 56–57, 65–66, 66f
New France, 18f–21f, 19, 46, 55, 114. See also “La Nuova Francia”
New Hampshire, 99
New Netherland, 29
New River, 29
New York. See also New Amsterdam
Saint Regis Reservation in, 31f, 32
New York Assembly Document, No. 200, 222–223
New York City, 128–129
New York State Geological Survey, 92, 95–96, 222–223
Niagara Falls, 122–123
Nieu Amsterdam, 126–127
Nipissing, Lake, 32, 49f
Nipissings, 32, 34
Noah Rondeau country, 82
North America
maps of, 16, 35, 41, 41–42, 43, 65, 120–121, 132–133, 156–157, 160–161, 164–165, 168–169
travel descriptions of, 75, 206–209, 211–271
“North America,” 41, 41, 132–133, 156–157
North River, 29. See also Hudson River
“Nouvelle France,” 16, 44, 45, 63–64, 128, 134–136
Nova Anglia, 132–133
“Nova Belgica et Anglia Nova,” 130–131
Nova Britannia, 132–133
Nova Francia, 132–133
“Novi Belgii/Novaeque Angliae Nec Non Partis Virginiae Tabula,” 140–141
Novum Belgium, 132–133
Nueva Granada, 132–133
nutrition
during famine, 51–52

O
O’Callaghan, E. B., 62
Odzíhozó, 81
Ogdensberg, 89
Ogehage, 29
Ohio Country, 60
Ojibwa, 32
Oka
Algonquins at, 14
Onciocheronon, 134–136
Oneida, Lake, 73, 132–133
Oneidas, 27
attacks by, 26f
in French and Indian War, 60
maps documenting, 21f, 134–136, 156–157
routes to Canada of, 100–101
territory of, 29, 78
Onekagoncka, 67
Oneugiouré, 67
Onioenronon, 134–136
Onnontaehronnon, 75
Ononchataronons, 36, 38
Onondaga, Lake, 76
Onondagas
attacks by, 26f
Father LeMoine with, 75, 76, 84
in French and Indian War, 60
maps documenting, 21f, 27, 134–136, 156–157
travel routes to, 100
Onontague, 156–157
Onontchataronons, 134–136, 142–143, 226t
Onontchateronons, 16
as Adirondack Indians, 38, 96
etymology of, 64
European contact with, 50
history of, 47–48
homelands of, 33f, 34
Iroquois hostilities with, 51
lower Ottawa River valley, 41, 43
maps documenting, 124–125, 140–141
in Mohawk defeat, 28f
Onontoaeronon, 134–136
Onoutchataronon, 226t
Ontario
Mohawk reservations in, 32
Ontario, Lake, 32, 120–121, 128–129, 132–133, 138–139, 142
Ontario ou Lac de St. Louys, 142
Orange, 154–155

Orankokx, 14, 16, 36, 39, 96, 225t
Orkney Islands
voyageurs of, 217
orogeny
Grenville, 69
Oronducks, 225t
Oroonducks, 225t
Ortelius, Abraham
“Americae Sive Novi Orbis, Nova Des Descriptio,” 116–117
Orundacks, 109, 225t
Ossernenon, 67, 85–86
Osserrion, 67
Oswegatchie River, 17, 82, 89, 144–145
Otaguottouemins, 33f, 50, 226t
Otchiahen, 142–143, 226t
Otohiaden, 34, 64, 134–136, 142–143, 226t
Ottawa, 32
Ottawa River, 65
Adirondacks along, 36, 38
Algonquin bands of, 27, 34.See also Algonquins, lower Ottawa River valley Champlain’s travels (1613) along, 178–189, 179f
Kichesipirini control of, 47
lower, 138–139, 164–165
travel routes to, 49f, 89
trade along, 26f
Ottawas, 34
Ouaouechkairini, 33f, 63, 226t
Ouescharini (Petite Nation, Weskarini)
history of, 48, 50
homelands of, 33, 33f, 43
Iroquois hostilities with, 51
maps documenting, 17, 41, 124–125, 142–143, 156–157, 160–161, 162–163, 166–167, 168–169
names for, 63, 64–65, 226t
as original Adirondacks, 36, 38, 96
Sagard among, 191
Oueschariny, 226t
Ounatchataronon, 226t
Ounountchatarounongak, 47, 64, 226t
Ountchatarounounga, 33f, 34, 47, 64, 226t

P
Parker, Arthur C., 92
“parts but little known”
Adirondack Mountains as, 82–83, 160–161
Passamaquoddy, 32, 120–121
patroon, 106
“People of the Island,” 51
“people of the long house,” 27, 57–58, 58f, 108
“people of the place where the hills are,” 48
Peruvian Mountains, 227t
Petite Algonquins ou Adirondaks, 166–167
Petite Nat, 63, 142–143
Petite Nation. See Ouescharini (Petite Nation, Weskarini)
Petite Nation des Algommequins, 50, 128–129
Petite Nation des Algonquins, 134–136
Petite Nation River, 48
Petites Allumettes, 162–163
Petuns, 21f, 26f, 30
Piscataqua River, 99
“Place of Crystals,” 56
“Place of Flint,” 56
“Plans des forts faicts par le Regiment Carignan falieres sur la Rivière de Richelieu dicte autrrement des Iroquois en la Nouvelle france,” 17, 46, 144–145, 202, 210
plants
health uses of, 51–52, 66
for scurvy, 177–178
plate tectonics, 98
Poncet, Father Joseph Antoine
Adirondack travels of, 16–17, 86f, 89–92
Pownall, (Governor) Thomas, 60, 101
“A Map of the Middle British Colonies in North America,” 41–42, 43, 164–165
Couchsachraga boundaries and, 79, 81
Lake Champlain names and, 76
Prince, J. Dyneley, 14
Province of Laconia, The, 16, 72–75, 73f, 95, 97, 98–99

Q
Quebec. See also Stadacona
Carver’s map of, 162–163
Mohawk reservations in, 32
water routes from, 49f
Quebec City, 152–153
Quenongebin, 16, 50, 124–125, 226t
Quescharini, 16
Quieunontateronons, 226t
Quieunontatetonons, 226t
Quionontrateronon, 63, 226t
Quiontareronon, 142–143

R
R. aut Sables, 154–155
R. Bouquet, 154–155
R. de Sagueny, 120–121
R. des Iroquois, 76, 118–119
R. du Gas, 74, 122–123
Raarondacks, 42, 158–159, 164–165, 225t
Ragueneau, Father Paul, 27, 46, 134
Ramusio, Giovanni Battista, 83
“La Nuova Francia,” 114–115
La Terra de Hochelaga nella Nova Francia, 24f–25f, 54–55
raquettes, 204f, 205–206
ratirontaks, 14
Recollects (Recollets), 62–63, 96–97
Redfield, John Howard
“High Peak of Essex,” 170–171
Redfield, William C.
High Peak of Essex and, 92, 93, 101, 108, 170, 227t
Regiochne point, 81
Regioghne, 97
Regis, Father Jean François, 32
Remonstrance, 140
Rensselaerswick, 106
Report on the Topographical Survey of the Wilderness of New York for the Year 1873, 79, 80
reservations
Saint Regis (Mohawk), 31f, 32
Revolutionary War, 32
Iroquois loyalties in, 103
Richelieu River, 138–139
French forts along, 144–145
Iroquoi fort at, 37f
map names of, 76
travel routes and, 17, 86f
Richelieu River—Lake Champlain—Lake George—Hudson River route, 84
Richelieu River—Lake Champlain—Lake George route, 35
Richelieu River—Lake Champlain route, 89, 100–101, 136-137, 144–145, 210–211
Rideau River
travel routes and, 49f, 89
Rideau River—Cataraqui axis, 48, 49f, 86f
Rivière Canada, 120–121
Rivière de Iroquois, 138–139
Rivière des Yroquois, 76
Rivière Saint François, 49f, 100, 138–139, 144–145
Rocher fendu, 81, 154–155
Rock Clan (tribe), 53, 54, 61f
military alliance with, 35–36
Rock Dunder, 81, 97, 102, 154–155, 227t
Rock Reggio, 102
Rock Rejiohne, 102
Rocque Sieur de Roberval, Jean-François de la, 23, 34, 71
Rogeo, 81, 97
Rondax, 40, 225t
Rondaxe, 39, 225t
Rondox, 225t
Rontaks, 13, 17, 225t
ronvyethró:nu, 54
Rouge River, 48
Rougio, 154–155 Royal, Mount, 71, 83
“running the gauntlet,” 85, 104, 105f

S
Sacandaga Mountains, 227t
Sagahiganirini, 33f, 34
Sagard, Recollect Brother Gabriel
The Long Journey to the Country of the Hurons, 29–30, 47, 54, 63, 186,190–201, 190f, 191f, 205
Sagnitaouigama, 33f, 34
Saguenay River, 26f, 34, 120–121
Saint Francis, Lake, 75
Saint Lawrence–Rideau–Ottawa River route, 89
Saint Lawrence River, 32
Algonquian control of, 27
Cartier’s explorations of, 21, 22f–23f
Couchsachraga and, 79
boundaries of, 79–82, 80
maps documenting, 78–79
Iroquoians along, 21, 23, 27, 34, 177–178
maps of, 120–121, 126–127, 132–133, 134–136
travel routes and, 17, 49f, 50, 144–145
Saint Margaret, Mountains of, 17, 75–76, 84, 97, 226t


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