THE 1776-1777 NORTHERN CAMPAIGNS
OF THE AMERICAN WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE AND THEIR SEQUEL:
Contemporary Maps of Mostly German Origin
by Thomas M. Barker and Paul R. Huey
From the Preface
"It is well known that German troops from the principalities of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (Brunswick) and Hessen-Hanau participated in the northern campaigns of General Sir Guy Carleton in 1776 and Lieutenant General John Burgoyne in 1777. What is not well known is that there are numerous maps and charts pertaining to these campaigns drawn by German soldiers who were present, of whom some were trained cartographers. Those drawn by Hessen-Hanau officers are housed in the Hessisches Staatsarchiv Marburg; those created by Braunschweig officers reside in the Niedersächsisches Staatsarchiv Wolfenbüttel. These maps, which are of great importance for individuals studying or interested in those Revolutionary War campaigns, have been largely unknown and unused by historians up to now.
This atlas had its inception during a Rhine River cruise from Amsterdam to Vienna in March 2005 when its authors, Thomas Barker and Paul Huey, first met. Tom is a retired history professor emeritus of the University of Albany, SUNYA. Paul is a Scientist-Archeology with the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. During the course of their conversations, Tom mentioned that he had seen maps in German archives from the American War for Independence of which North American historians were generally unaware. Paul asked if there were any maps of Crown Point, which was of particular interest to him. In fifty years of research on Crown Point and the Champlain Valley, Paul had never found a single Revolutionary War era map that showed Crown Point in any detail. When Tom said that there were such maps in the Hessisches Staatsarchiv Marburg, Paul's interest greatly increased. They decided to collaborate on producing a heavily annotated atlas of mainly German maps illustrating the northern campaigns of 1776-1777 and their sequel. Thanks to the staff of the Hessisches Staatsarchiv and the Niedersächsisches Landesarchiv-Staatsarchiv Wolfenbüttel, they were able to obtain excellent reproductions of the maps of interest in the collections of those archives. By combining their different areas of expertise and working closely together for four years, they were able to produce the excellent atlas that you are holding in your hands. They are to be congratulated for bringing these unique and important maps to the attention of War for Independence scholars and others interested in these campaigns." -- by Donald M. Londahl-Smidt, Lt. Col., USAF-Ret
The 1776-1777 Northern Campaigns is the first, full-scale, presentation in atlas form of the two, abortive British-German invasions of New York - events crucial to understanding the rebel American victory in the War for Independence. The bulk of the maps are from the German archives. The material has previously been little used by researchers in the United States due to linguistic and handwriting barriers. The volume includes transcriptions, translations, and detailed textual analysis of the naval and land operations of 1776 and 1777. It is written from a novel military-historical perspective, namely, British, German, loyalist, French Canadian, and First American. The attack of Benedict Arnold and Richard Montgomery on Québec City, the colonial assailants' repulse and withdrawal to the Province of New York and the Hudson River corridor, prior actions in the adjacent St. Lawrence-Richelieu river region of Canada, the Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain, the forts at Crown Point and Ticonderoga, and the Battles of Bennington and Saratoga all receive detailed attention. The last section of the atlas deals with the less known, final phase of combat, in which the Britons, Germans, refugee tories, Québec militia, and Amerindians kept the insurgents off balance by mounting numerous small-scale expeditions into New York.
The significance of the publication is highlighted by Russell Bellico, author of Sails and Steam in the Mountains: A Maritime History of Lake George and Lake Champlain. He writes that Barker's and Huey's tome is "a superb work of scholarship based on exhaustive research on both sides of the Atlantic." J. Winthrop Aldrich, New York State Deputy Commissioner for Historic Preservation, states that the maps "are of significant help now as we continue to build our understanding of what happened in our war for independence, and why. This rediscovered treasure and the illuminating commentary and notes superbly advance that understanding."
"Plan of the Fort Crown Point" (mid-October 1776)
Dr. Thomas M. Barker is emeritus professor of history, University of Albany, State University of New York at Albany. He is the author of numerous books about European military history, especially the Habsburg monarchy, Spain, World War II as well as ethnic minority issues. Dr. Paul R. Huey is a well-known New York State historical archeologist and also has many publications to his credit. He is particularly knowledgeable about the locations of old forts, battlefields, colonial and nineteenth-century buildings, and/or their buried vestiges. He works at the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historical Preservation Bureau of Historic Sites office on Peebles Island in Waterford, New York.
239 pages, 32 color plates, 12 x 9, index, 2010
$49.00 hardcover--A Purple Mountain Press original co-published with the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum
Copyright © 2010 Purple Mountain Press. All rights reserved.